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HELP US BUILD A TIMELINE OF ISRAELI HISTORY!

 

Come into our Social Hall, and you’ll see our new Israeli History Timeline. It’s “bare” right now!  So we need everyone - our congregants, religious school kid and teens – to fill it with projects describing all the great events & people in Israel’s  history!

Have fun, get involved and learn about Israel’s remarkable history! Write – and help your child or grandchild write –

  • An essay
  • A Play, or Poem or Song
  • An “I was there….” Or a pretend autobiography of one of Israel’s great figures
  • Or draw or find pictures of events or people!

 

Our kids – and teens – will be reading, or performing or displaying their completed works at our upcoming Family Shabbat Service on October 28th , or our next Friday Night Shabbat Dinner on November 3rd , or both!

 

Select a topic from below, or pick any topic of interest, and submit it on the form below!

KIDS WILL WIN PRIZES FOR THEIR WORKS!

Submit Your Choice of Timeline Topic

Use the form to submit your topic choice from the list below or create your own topic and time period.

Enter the email address that may be used to contact you.  If you are a member, please login and use your member account email address. (You may login using the login button on the upper right of the window.)
Please enter your first name
Please enter your last name.

This project will create a physical timeline at MTFJC and a virtual one linked to the web page.  Please submit a Word or PDF document of your contribution to the project coordinator.  Text, graphics and photos are fine - the more "media rich", the better!
Please enter the volunteer's name, and email contact, who will be responsible for the content. Also specify the particular topic you wish to contribute along with the time period covered.  Once assigned, your name will be reflected in the table above.  Collaborations and multiple submissions on a given topic are fine!

 

Timeline Topics

DATES

EVENT

VOLUNTEER   

1877

Eliezer Ben Yehuda hears Hebrew for the first time and decides to transform ancient Hebrew into a modern-day language to be spoken by all Jews in Palestine

 

1882-1903

First Aliya (large-scale immigration), mainly from Russia

 

1896

Theodor Herzl publishes the Jewish State

 

1897

First Zionist Congress, convened by Theodor Herzl

 

1909

First kibbutz – Degania – founded

 

 

First modern all-Jewish City – Tel Aviv – founded

 

1917

Britain begins its rule of Palestine, ending 400 years of Ottoman rule

 

 

The Balfour Declaration: British Foreign Minister Balfour pledges support for establishment of the “Jewish National Home” in Palestine

 

1920

The Haganah – a Jewish Defense organization – is founded

 

1936 – 1939

Riots by Arab terrorists against Jews

 

1939

Jewish immigration to Palestine severely limited by British White Paper

 

1939 – 1945

World War II. The Holocaust in Europe.

 

1947

November 29th: The United Nations Partition Plan (proposing the establishment of an Arab and a Jewish State)

 

 

ISRAEL BECOMES A NATION

 

1948

May 14th: End of British Rule

 

 

May 14th: State of Israel Proclaimed

 

 

 May 14th:  David Ben Gurion becomes the first Prime Minister of Israel

 

 

May 15th:  Israel invaded by 5 Arab states

 

 

The Israel Defense Forces (the IDF) established

 

May 1948 – July 1949

ISRAEL’S WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 

 

1949

Israel signs “Armistice Agreements” with Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon

 

 

Jerusalem divided under Israeli and Jordanian Rule

 

 

The First Knesset (Parliament) elected

 

 

Israel admitted to the United Nations as 59th member

 

1948 – 1952

Mass immigration to Israel from Europe & Arab countries

 

1956

The SINAI CAMPAIGN (WAR)

 

1962

Adolph Eichman is tried and executed in Israel for his part in the Holocaust

 

1963

Levi Eshkol elected 3rd Prime Minister of Israel

 

1967

THE SIX DAY WAR  

 

1969

Golda Meir elected 4th Prime Minister of Israel

 

1973

The YOM KIPPUR WAR

 

1974

Yitzhak Rabin elected 5th Prime Minister

 

1977

Menachem Begin elected 6th Prime Minister of Israel. The Likud party forms government after Knesset elections, ending 30 years of Labor party rule

 

 

Visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem

 

1978

The Camp David Accords are signed: First framework for a comprehensive peace in the Middle East

 

1979

The Israel – Egypt Peace Treaty

 

 

Prime Minister Begin and Anwar Sadat awarded Nobel Peace Prize

 

1981

The Israeli air force destroys an Iraqui nuclear reactor before it becomes operational

 

1982

Israel’s 3 stage withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula completed

 

 

The First Lebanon War (Operation Peace for Galilee) removes Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) terrorists from Lebanon

 

1983

Yitzhak Shamir elected 7th Prime Minister of Israel

 

1984

Operation Moses – first Ethiopian Jewish airlift

Steven Schwarz

1987

The First Intifada (Arab violence against Israelis) begins (1987 – 1993)

 

1989

Start of Mass immigration of Jews from Soviet Union

 

1991

Operation Solomon covertly airlifts 14,325 Ethiopian Jews to Israel in 36 hours

 

1992

Yitzhak Rabin re-elected Prime Minister of Israel

 

1993

The Oslo Accords are signed

 

1994

Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres, Yasser Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize

 

1995

Yitzhak Rabin assassinated at peace rally

 

1996

Operation Grapes of Wrath begins – responding to Hezbollah terrorists’ attacks from Lebanon on Northern Israel

 

 

Benjamin Netanyahu elected 9th Prime Minister of Israel

 

1999

Ehud Barak elected 10th Prime Minister of Israel (left-wing One Israel party)

 

2000

Israel withdraws from the security zone in southern Lebanon

 

 

The Second Intifada

 

2001

Ariel Sharon elected 11th Prime Minister of Israel (Likud Party)

 

2002

Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield in West Bank in response to massive Palestinian terrorist attacks

 

 

Israel begins building the anti-terrorist fence / wall to stop West Bank terrorists from killing Israelis 

 

2005

Israel ends its presence in the Gaza Strip by evacuating 17 Gaza settlements and 4 in West Bank

 

2006

After Prime Minister Sharon suffers a stroke, Ehud Olmert becomes the 12th Prime Minister of Israel

 

 

Israel launches Operation Summer Rains against terrorists in Gaza after kidnapping of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit

 

 

The Second War in Lebanon begins, following missile attacks and kidnapping of 2 Israeli soldiers

 

2007

Israel bombs a nuclear reactor in Syria

 

2008

Israel launches Operation Cast Lead in Gaza in response to a barrage of over 10,000 rockets and mortars fired from the Gaza strip

 

2010

Israel launches a raid on 6 Turkish ships and clashes occur on the MV Mavi Mamara

 

2011

Israel gets Gilad Shalit released after 5 years, in exchange for 1,021 Palestinians

 

2012

Israel launches Operation Pillar of Defense in Gaza

 

2014

Israel launches another round of fighting in Gaza

 

2016

Israel begins Operation Good Neighbor to provide assistance to injured Syrians

 

2017

The U.S. recognizes Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel

 

2020

Israel and the United Arab Emirates & Bahrain agree to the Abraham Accords. Morocco and then Sudan join the Abraham Accords (in Dec 2020 and Jan 2021).

 

2021

Naftali Bennett elected Israel’s 13th Prime Minister (Yamina Party) (in June 2021)

 

2022

Yair Lapid becomes Israel’s 14th Prime Minister (Yesh Atid party) (in July 2022)

 

 

Benjamin Netanyahu re-elected Prime Minister (in Dec. 2022)

 

 


 

Timeline Contributions


 

Operation Moses

 

OPERATION MOSES - 1984

(By Steven Schwarz)

 

On 18 November 1984, the State of Israel launched Operation Moses, a seven-week covert operation airlifting thousands of Ethiopian Jews in refugee camps to safety in Israel. While the Jewish community in Ethiopia has a rich Jewish history dating back well over two thousand years, by the mid-1980s the community was endangered by the Ethiopian Civil War and widespread famine.

Thousands trekked through the deserts in Ethiopia and Sudan, where they would eventually meet Israeli officials and be airlifted to Israel. Nearly a third of Ethiopian Jews traveling to Sudan died on the way. The unprecedented mission was coordinated by the Mossad, in cooperation with the CIA and Sudanese State Security (SSS). By the time the mission concluded, approximately 8,000 Ethiopian Jews had been brought to Israel aboard 30 flights. The ancient Jewish community in Ethiopia, called Beta Israel (House of Israel), had lived in relative isolation from the rest of the Jewish world for centuries.

The operation came to a halt on 5 January 1985, when news of the activity leaked to the international media. Several days later, Prime Minister Shimon Peres addressed the Knesset saying, “We here, have been born within the ongoing, never-ending hope of the unification of our people. Neither economic difficulty nor internal distress, nor geographical distance, nor political obstacle shall halt or postpone the rescue and immigration effort…there are no black Jews and white Jews: There are Jews. History and faith bind us together forever.”

While the operation was a resounding success, over 15,000 Jews - many of whom were infants, or old and infirm - were left in Ethiopia.

In May 1991, the Israeli government orchestrated a follow-up mission, known as Operation Solomon. Over the course of the 36-hour mission, 14,325 Ethiopian Jews were airlifted to safety in Israel.


 

Tue, July 16 2024 10 Tammuz 5784